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Advanced Product Quality Planning ( APQP ) - Phases of APQP

23 Nov 2023
Advanced Product Quality Planning ( APQP ) - Phases of APQP

Introduction to Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP):

Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) is a structured and comprehensive framework that plays a pivotal role in the automotive and other manufacturing industries. Developed as a collaborative effort between major automotive manufacturers and suppliers, APQP is now widely adopted across various sectors for its effectiveness in ensuring the delivery of high-quality products.

The primary goal of APQP is to proactively plan and manage all aspects of the product development process to meet or exceed customer expectations.

Key Components of APQP:

Benefits of APQP:

In conclusion, Advanced Product Quality Planning is a robust methodology designed to ensure that product development and manufacturing processes are well-planned, controlled, and capable of consistently delivering high-quality products. Its systematic approach, collaboration, and focus on continuous improvement make APQP a valuable tool for industries aiming to excel in quality and customer satisfaction.

What is APQP?

APQP, or Advanced Product Quality Planning, is your blueprint for exceptional product development.

Tailored for manufacturing excellence, APQP guides you through meticulous stages—from design to production—ensuring top-tier quality and customer satisfaction. Elevate your projects with this proactive approach, identifying and addressing potential issues with precision.

The 5 Phases of APQP

These phases collectively ensure a systematic and quality-focused approach to product development, helping organizations deliver high-quality products to market.

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History of APQP

Advanced Product Quality Planning (APQP) has its roots in the automotive industry and was initially developed by the Big Three American automakers: Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler (now Stellantis). The need for a systematic approach to quality planning arose as the automotive industry faced increasing global competition and a growing emphasis on quality management.

The history of APQP can be traced back to the late 1980s and early 1990s when the Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG) was established. The AIAG is a not-for-profit association of automotive companies that collaboratively works to develop and promote common quality standards and practices in the automotive industry.

APQP was introduced as part of the AIAG's Quality Management System standards, particularly in the second edition of the QS-9000 standard, which was released in 1995. QS-9000 was a quality management system developed jointly by the Big Three automakers and was widely adopted in the automotive supply chain.

How is APQP related to PPAP?

APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning) and PPAP (Production Part Approval Process) are two closely related elements within the automotive and manufacturing industries. Both are part of the quality management system and are often used in conjunction to ensure the production of high-quality products. Here's a brief overview of each and their relationship:

  1. APQP (Advanced Product Quality Planning):
    • Focus: APQP is primarily focused on the early stages of product development and planning.
    • Purpose: It aims to ensure that customer requirements are met by systematically planning and coordinating all activities during the product development process.
    • Key Activities: APQP involves defining and documenting the project scope, identifying potential risks, developing quality plans, and establishing a cross-functional team to oversee the process.
  2. PPAP (Production Part Approval Process):
    • Focus: PPAP, on the other hand, is more concentrated on the later stages of the product realization process, specifically during the production and pre-production phases.
    • Purpose: PPAP is designed to demonstrate that the production process is capable of consistently producing parts that meet the specified requirements.
    • Key Activities: PPAP includes the submission of sample parts, along with supporting documentation, to the customer for approval. This documentation demonstrates that the production process has been validated and is capable of meeting quality standards.


In summary, APQP is about planning and coordination in the early stages of product development, while PPAP focuses on providing evidence of process capability during production. Together, they contribute to a comprehensive quality management system, helping to ensure that high-quality products are consistently produced.

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